Malic acid

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Malic acid
Structural formula Image:malic acid.png
Chemical name Malic acid
Chemical formula C4H605
Molecular mass 134.09 g/mol
Melting point 128°C to 130°C
Density 1.609 g/cm3
Disclaimer and references

Malic acid is a tart-tasting organic acid that plays a role in many sour or tart foods. In its ionised form it is malate, an intermediate of the TCA cycle along from fumarate. It can also be formed from pyruvate as one of the anaplerotic reactions.

Apples contain malic acid, which contributes to the sourness of a green apple.

Malic acid can make a wine taste tart, although the amount decreases with increasing fruit ripeness. The process of malolactic fermentation converts malic acid to much milder lactic acid.

Malic acid, when added to food products, is denoted by E Number E296.

There is another dicarboxylic acid with the similar name maleic acid, which has the formula cis-HOOC-CH=CH-COOH . Maleic acid is the cis stereoisomer of fumaric acid, which is the trans version. These compounds are also not to be confused with malonic acid which is a dicarboxylic acid with the formula HOOC-CH2-COOH.


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