Estate in land

From Academic Kids

An estate is the right, interest, or nature of interest, a person has in real property.

The Bundle of Rights - privileges, benefits, & amenities associated with ownership include the rights to possess, occupy, use, exclude others from, sell, lease, mortgage, give away, or abandon the property

Categories of estates

Estates in land can be divided into four basic categories:

  1. Freehold estates: rights of ownership
    • fee simple (fee simple absolute)—most rights, least limitations, indefeasible
    • fee tail—inalienable rights of inheritance
    • conditional, defeasible, or determinable fee—voidable ownership
    • life estate—ownership for duration of someone's life
  2. Leasehold estates: rights of possession and use but not ownership. The lessor (owner/landlord) gives this right to the lessee (tenant). There are four categories of leasehold estates:
    1. estate for years (tenancy for years)—lease of any length with specific begin and end date
    2. periodic estate (periodic tenancy)—automatically renewing lease (month to month, week to week)
    3. estate at will (tenancy at will)—loose agreement, can be terminated at will
    4. tenancy at sufferance—created when tenant remains after lease expires and becomes a holdover tenant, converts to holdover tenancy upon landlord acceptance; see Forcible Entry and Detainer Statutes
  3. Statutory estates: created by law
  4. Equitable Estates: neither ownership nor possession
    • lien
      • general
      • specific
    • easement
      • easement in gross
      • easement appurtenant
        • ingress
        • egress
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