Crimean Tatar language

From Academic Kids

Crimean Tartar (Qırımtatar tili)
Spoken in: Crimea, Bulgaria, Romania, Turkey
Region: Black Sea
Total speakers: 300,000
Ranking: Not in top 100
Genetic classification: Turkic

 Northwestern Turkic
  Ponto-Caspian Turkic
   Crimean Tatar

Official status
Official language of:
Regulated by: -
Language codes
ISO 639-1-
ISO 639-2crh
SILCRH
See also: LanguageList of languages


The Crimean Tatar language or Crimean-Turkish (in its own script: Qırımtatar tili, Qırım Tatar dili resp. Kırım Tatar dili; alternative notation: Qırım Türkçesi resp. Kırım Türkçesi) is the language of the Crimean Tatars. Spoken in Crimea, Former Soviet Union, and the Crimean Tatar diaspora: Bulgaria, Romania, Turkey.

Abbreviated forms of the language designation are: Qırım Tatarçası resp. Kırım Tatarçası (Crimean Tatar) and from the Turkish: Qırım Tatar Türkçesi resp. Kırım Tatar Türkçesi (Crimean-Turkish resp. Crimean Tatar Turkish).

Because of its history, it has often been counted as belonging to Kypchak Tatar (i.e. Northwestern Turkic languages), however it has been also influenced by the Oguz Turkish. A Crimean Tatar speaker can undestand both Kypchak and Oghuz Turkish/Turkic.

The following newspaper report compares the Crimean Tatar and Turkish languages:

Comparing Crimean Tatar vs Turkish
Crimean Tatar
Meclis Haberleri 10.09.2003//Qırımtatar Milliy Meclisiniñ 120-cı toplaşuvı olıp keçti

2003 senesi 7 sentăbr künü Aqmescitteki İslam Merkeziniñ binasında Qırımtatar Milliy Meclisiniñ 120-cı toplaşuvı olıp keçti. Toplaşuvda...

Turkish
Meclis Haberleri 10.09.2003// Kırım Tatar Millî Meclisi’nin 120. toplantısı yapıldı

7 Eylül 2003 tarihinde Akmescit’teki İslam Merkezi binasında Kırım Tatar Millî Meclisi’nin genişletilmiş 120. toplantısı gerçerkleşti. Toplantıda...

These languages are quite similar.

Contents

Number of speakers

Today there are over 300,000 Crimean Tatar speakers.

Until 1989 90% of the Crimean Tatars lived in the Fergana Valley within Uzbekistan, whither they were forcibly deported in 1944. Today 250,000 Crimean Tatar live in Crimea.

More than 1,500,000 inhabitants of Turkey are Turkish-speaking Crimean Tatars emigrated in the 19th century. Crimean Tatars in Turkey can usually speak Crimean Tatar.

Circa 24,000 Crimean Tatars live in Romania and another 3,000 in Bulgaria.

History, dialects and alphabet

The spoken language of the Crimean Tatars is known since the 13th century and divides into three main dialects: "Kypchak-Tatar" from the Crimea; "Kypchak-Nogay" from the northern steppes; and the coastal "Crimea-Osman". The Chagatai language also served the Crimean Tatar as a Dachsprache. Since Islamification these people wrote with a Persian-Arab script.

In 1876 different Turkish Crimean dialects were made into a uniform written language, with a preference given to the more southern dialect in order to break the link between the Tatar and the Turkish of the Ottoman Empire.

In 1928 the alphabet was replaced with the then Uniform Turkic Alphabet (a combination of the Latin alphabet and the Cyrillic alphabet), which however was in 1938 itself replaced with a modified Cyrillic Alphabet.


Crimean Tatar has been spoken by Crimean Greeks, Gypsies, Jews (Krymchaks), and Karaims.

Crimean Tatar was the native language of the Crimean Tatar poet Bekir Sidki Cobanzade.

Current Situation

After the repatriation of the Crimean Tatars it was Latinized again. The current Latin-based Crimean Tatar alphabet is the same as the Turkish alphabet with two additional characters: Ñ ñ and Q q.

Currently, Crimean Tatar does not have official language status in Crimea. Before the Surgun, it had official language status in the Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.


External links

de:Krimtatarische Sprache

tt:Qırımça

Navigation

Academic Kids Menu

  • Art and Cultures
    • Art (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Art)
    • Architecture (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Architecture)
    • Cultures (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Cultures)
    • Music (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Music)
    • Musical Instruments (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/List_of_musical_instruments)
  • Biographies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Biographies)
  • Clipart (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Clipart)
  • Geography (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Geography)
    • Countries of the World (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Countries)
    • Maps (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Maps)
    • Flags (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Flags)
    • Continents (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Continents)
  • History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History)
    • Ancient Civilizations (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Ancient_Civilizations)
    • Industrial Revolution (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Industrial_Revolution)
    • Middle Ages (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Middle_Ages)
    • Prehistory (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Prehistory)
    • Renaissance (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Renaissance)
    • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
    • United States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/United_States)
    • Wars (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Wars)
    • World History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History_of_the_world)
  • Human Body (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Human_Body)
  • Mathematics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Mathematics)
  • Reference (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Reference)
  • Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Science)
    • Animals (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Animals)
    • Aviation (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Aviation)
    • Dinosaurs (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Dinosaurs)
    • Earth (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Earth)
    • Inventions (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Inventions)
    • Physical Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Physical_Science)
    • Plants (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Plants)
    • Scientists (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Scientists)
  • Social Studies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Social_Studies)
    • Anthropology (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Anthropology)
    • Economics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Economics)
    • Government (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Government)
    • Religion (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Religion)
    • Holidays (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Holidays)
  • Space and Astronomy
    • Solar System (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Solar_System)
    • Planets (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Planets)
  • Sports (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Sports)
  • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
  • Weather (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Weather)
  • US States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/US_States)

Information

  • Home Page (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php)
  • Contact Us (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Contactus)

  • Clip Art (http://classroomclipart.com)
Toolbox
Personal tools