Baja California

From Academic Kids

Alternative use: Baja California Peninsula

</table>

</table> Baja California is the northernmost state of Mexico; it is mostly located on the northern half of the Baja California peninsula. To avoid confusion it is sometimes (albeit incorrectly) referred to as Baja California Norte. The state is bordered on the north by the United States, the west by the Pacific Ocean, the east by Sonora and the Sea of Cortez, and the south by Baja California Sur. The state has a population of 2,750,000 (2003 estimate), much more than sparsely populated Baja California Sur to the south. Over 75% of the population live in the cities of Mexicali and Tijuana.

History

  • 1804: The Spanish colony of California is divided into Alta ("upper") and Baja ("lower") California at the line separating the Franciscan missions in the north from the Dominican missions in the south.
  • In 1850, after Alta California is annexed by the United States, Baja California is further divided into northern and southern territories.
  • 1952: Northern Baja California becomes the 29th state of Mexico. The southern portion, below 28N, remains a federally administered territory.

Municipalities

Baja California is subdivided into five municipalities (municipios). See municipalities of Baja California.

External links


ESTADO DE BAJA CALIFORNIA
Missing image
BaC.jpg
Image:BaC.jpg

Missing image
Mexico_Baja_California.png
Image:Mexico_Baja_California.png


Other Mexican States
CapitalMexicali
Other major citiesTijuana
Ensenada
Governor
(2001-2007)
Eugenio Elorduy Walther (PAN)
Area69,921 km
Ranked 12th
Population
(2000 census)
2,487,700
Ranked 15th
Federal deputies (6)
PAN = 6
Federal senatorsPAN = 2
PRI = 1
ISO 3166-2
Postal abbr.
MX-BCN
B.C.
States of Mexico Missing image
Mexico_flag_large.png
Flag of Mexico

Aguascalientes | Baja California | Baja California Sur | Campeche | Chiapas | Chihuahua | Coahuila | Colima | Durango | Guanajuato | Guerrero | Hidalgo | Jalisco | Mxico | Michoacn | Morelos | Nayarit | Nuevo Len | Oaxaca | Puebla | Quertaro | Quintana Roo | San Luis Potos | Sinaloa | Sonora | Tabasco | Tamaulipas | Tlaxcala | Veracruz | Yucatn | Zacatecas
Federal District: Mexican Federal District
da:Baja California (stat)

de:Baja California (Bundesstaat) es:Baja California fr:Basse-Californie it:Bassa California nl:Baja California ja:バハ・カリフォルニア州 pt:Baja California (Estado)

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